Cross-shelf circulation induced by the Kuroshio shear stress in the East China Sea
Wei, Y. Cross-shelf circulation induced by the Kuroshio shear stress in the East China Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1175/JPO-D-17-0204.1
This study solves two-dimensional (cross-shelf and depth directions) steady-state nonlinear primitive equations to infer the cross-shelf circulation induced by the Kuroshio shear stress in the East China Sea (ECS). The Kuroshio velocity data are estimated from hydrographic observations at the PN section in the ECS. Nonlinear momentum equations are solved using an iterative approach in a terrain-following coordinate system, which helps to adequately take into account the boundary conditions over complex topography. The vertical shear stress of the Kuroshio is shown to induce two offshore transport pathways over the continental shelf, which are related to the structure of the interior geostrophic current and bottom Ekman transport, respectively. Because of the vertical shear stress, an upwelling is induced above the bottom Ekman layer on the continental slope. The horizontal shear stress of the Kuroshio has the effect of inducing onshore transport at the flow core. The advection terms in the primitive equations are found to amplify the cross-shelf velocity solved from the linear equations. This study reveals that the Kuroshio has a substantial effect on the cross-shelf circulation and that it might drive multiple transport pathways.