SOED Open Course Held: Cycles in the Earth System


March 20th, SOED Open Course Cycles in the Earth System was held. The Course was taught by professor Raghu Murtugudde from Maryland University, and has attracted over 30 young scientists from Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, National Marine Environment Monitoring Center, Third Institute of Oceanography, Zhejiang University, Shandong University, Hohai University, East China Normal University, etc.


    Dr. Raghu Murtugudde is a professor at the University of Maryland, and a distinguished oceanographer. He mainly conducts research in Physical Oceanography. In 1994, he received his Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering from Columbia University. Prof. Murtugudde was a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), and has co-authored many books such as Physical Oceanography, Developments since 1950. (Website:


   The course will build on Geol/Geog, starting with concepts of feedbacks within the Earth System, global energy balance, and the Greenhouse Effect. A brief introduction to the atmospheric and oceanic circulations will lead to the water cycle connecting the land, ocean, and atmosphere to the Earth System. Introduction to the global carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles will be followed by the concepts of long-term climate regulation and short-term climate variability. The concepts of cycles, feedbacks, forcing, and responses in the Earth System will be applied to Global Warming and Ozone Depletion, with an introduction to policy choices for the future.


    SOED is creating a unique marine science and technology platform with distinctive international influence. To showcase the lab, SOED has set up a series of “Ocean-Star Open Courses,” which are open to Ph. D. candidates and young researchers nationwide by inviting internationally renowned scientists to teach. In 2017, four short courses will be offered in spring and summer, namely, Satellite Oceanography, Cycles in the Earth System, Introduction to Optical Oceanography and Ocean Color Remote Sensing, Innovation in Science and Technology: Understanding American Culture and Politics, and Chemical Oceanography. Detailed information is available at the official website of SOED (